Palitana City is situated near the Gulf of Cambay on the banks of the Shatrunjay River. Palitana is the city while Shatrunjay is the hill pilgrimage.
According to Jain scripture, Shatrunjaya hill was the site where Adinath, the 1st Jaintirthankar, achieved enlightenment. The hill thus became one of the holiest sites of Jainism. It is no coincidence that the most sacred sites of Jainism are all mountains, where pilgrims ascend to the heavens, seeking their path to enlightenment. Along with Mts. Abu, Girnar and Chandragiri, Shatrunjaya is one of the most sacred places for the faith.
The construction of temples of Palitana spanned over a period of 900 years and was structured in two phases. Muslim invaders destroyed some of the earliest temples built in the 11th century AD during the 14th and 15th centuries AD. No one person can be attributed for the construction of these magnificent temples rather it was the effort of the wealthy businessmen who were followers of Jainism.
The hill is 3 kms from Palitana proper, and the 600 m climb over 3000 stairs to the top of the mountain is an unforgettable experience.
The entire hill is sacred to Jains, not only the temples. In keeping with the strict non-violence of Jainism, no leather products (wallets, belts, etc.) should be carried on the mountain. Inside the shrines, you should not talk, laugh or smoke. Permission must be obtained from temple attendants for photography.
Take the walk to seet the temples.
This is the biggest festival for Jains and is celebrated in the Bhadra month (September). During this festival the Jains faithfully observe the 10 codes of conduct like, Kshama (forgiveness), Vinamrata (politeness), Satya (truth), Ahinsa (non-violence), Brahmacharya (celibacy), Shauch (renouncing desires), Tap (penance), Aparigrah (non-possessiveness) etc.
The Nirvan Festival of Lord Aadinath is celebrated on the month of February (Krishna Chaturdashi). Since Lord Aadinath is considered as the mool-nayak here, one can see a lot of decoration and excitement especially in the Chaumukhi Temple.
The nearest airport is in Bhavnagar (56 km).RAIL
Palitana is on a rail branch line, with trains available to Bhavnagar, Ahmedabad and intermediate points.ROAD
Bhavnagar is 56 km away and Ahmedabad, 215 km. Private and ST buses travel to Palitana from both of these cities as well as from several others around Gujarat and even from Mumbai.