QUICK FACTS
Region : Northern India
Established : January 25, 1971
Capital : Shimla
Size : 55,673 sq km
Rivers : Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej and the Yamuna
Forest / Park : Great Himalayan National Park, Pin Valley National Park. Himachal Pradesh has thirty two wildlife sanctuaries.
Neighbour States : Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west and south-west, Haryanaand Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east.
State Animal : Musk Deer
State Bird : Monal
State Tree : Deodar
State Flower : Monal
TRAVEL IN HIMACHAL PRADESH SHOW MAP

Himachal Pradesh is a beautiful hill state in India, nestles in north-west region of western Himalayas. The literal meaning of Himachal Pradesh is In the lap of Himalayas.

The history of the area that now constitutes Himachal Pradesh dates back to the time when the Indus valley civilisation flourished between 2250 and 1750 BCE.Tribes such as the Koilis, Halis, Dagis, Dhaugris, Dasa, Khasas, Kinnars and Kirats inhabited the region from pre-historic era. During the Vedic period, several small republics known as "Janapada" existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire.

The British territories in the hill came under British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory on 1 November 1956.

The state is known to be abundant in natural beauty From vast tracts of high-altitude Trans-Himalayan desert to dense green deodar forests, from apple orchards to cultivated terraces, from snowcapped high Himalayan mountain ranges to snow fed lakes and gushing rivers.

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