Himachal Pradesh is a beautiful hill state in India, nestles in north-west region of western Himalayas. The literal meaning of Himachal Pradesh is In the lap of Himalayas.
The history of the area that now constitutes Himachal Pradesh dates back to the time when the Indus valley civilisation flourished between 2250 and 1750 BCE.Tribes such as the Koilis, Halis, Dagis, Dhaugris, Dasa, Khasas, Kinnars and Kirats inhabited the region from pre-historic era. During the Vedic period, several small republics known as "Janapada" existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire.
The British territories in the hill came under British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory on 1 November 1956.
The state is known to be abundant in natural beauty From vast tracts of high-altitude Trans-Himalayan desert to dense green deodar forests, from apple orchards to cultivated terraces, from snowcapped high Himalayan mountain ranges to snow fed lakes and gushing rivers.