Sikkim is the least populous state in India and the second-smallest state after Goa. The state has diversed geography due to its location in the Himalayas. The climate ranges from subtropical to high Alpine. The crowning glory of Sikkim is Mt. Khangchendzonga, the world's third-highest peak, is located on Sikkim's border with Nepal. Gangtok is the capital city of Sikkim.
According to legend, the Buddhist saint Gur Rinpoche visited Sikkim in the 9th century, introduced Buddhism. The Namgiyal dynasty established in 1642. Over the next 150 years, the kingdom suffered frequent raids and territorial losses to Nepalese invaders. It allied itself with the British India. Siikim merged with India in 1975.
To the travelers Sikkim is a mystical wonderland of natural beauty. The panoramic view of the snow-capped Himalayas, the flower-beded meadows, the vibrant culture and festivals, the numerous variety of its flora and fauna and the biodiversity makes Sikkim a fascinating and challenging holiday destination.