Uttar Pradesh is a state located in northern India. On 9 November 2000 a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved from the mountainous Himalayan region of Uttar Pradesh. it is the most populous state in the country as well as the most populous country subdivision in the whole world. Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the state's economy. Tourism, hotel industry and transport sector are the main contributors in the service sector.
Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of ancient and medieval India, including the Magadha, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Kushan, Gupta, Gurjara, Rashtrakuta, Pala and Mughal empires. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganga and Yamuna, join at Prayag and then flow as the Ganga further east. The state has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, such as the Taj Mahal, Varanasi, Piprahwa, Kaushambi, Ballia, Shravasti, Kushinagar, Lucknow, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, Allahabad, Meerut and Mathura.