Agra is in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an old city and was named after a forest 'Agrabana' as mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. In more recent times Agra came into importance when Sikandar Lodi made it his capital city in 1501. After the short period of the Lodi rule Agra passed into the possession of the Mughals. It was during the time of the Akbar the great that Agra came into its own. He embarked on the construction of the massive Agra Fort in 1565. Though Akbar was diverted into building a new capital at Fatehpur Sikri not far away, Agra didn't lose its importance. Later Emperor Shah Jehan ornamented the city with that masterpiece of mughal architecture - the Taj Mahal and built several other beautiful buildings within the Agra Fort.
Agra, which holds emense popularity among the tourists through the world, has three UNESCO World Heritage sites, the Taj Mahal and the Agra Fort in the city and Fatehpur Sikri nearby. There are also many other buildings and tombs from Agra's days of glory as the capital of the Mughal Empire.
Kailash Fair (Aug / Sep): Held at Kailash, 12 km. It is major fair celebrated in honour of Lord Shiva who is believed to have appeared here in the form of a stone lingam.
Sheetla Fair (Jul./Aug): It is held near Delhi Gate.
Bateshwar Fair: This month-long festival is held annually during the month of Oct/November at Bateshwar, situated at a distance of 70 km from Agra.
Urs (Fatehpur Sikri): This fair is organised at Sheikh Salim Chishti's Dargah, during the month of Ramzan.
Taj Mahotsav: A festival of art, craft, culture and cuisine. Organised by U.P. Tourism, it is held every year between 18th -27th February.
Kheria airport is 13 km from Taj Mahal.
Travel Corporation of India, Hotel Clarks Shiraz, 54, Taj Road, Tel : (0562) 2226521-22-23
Kingfisher Airlines, (operational only during season) Airport - 2400693.RAIL
Agra is connected to the major cities of India. Agra Cantt. Railway Station, Enquiries, Tel: 139.ROAD
Agra is well-connected to the following cities by road: Mathura, Delhi, Chandigarh, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Jhansi, Chitrakoot, etc. Agra's distance by road, from the main cities is as follows : Delhi 203 km, Khajuraho 393 km, Gwalior 118 km, Jaipur 237 km, Calcutta 1287 km, Varanasi 657 km, Mussoorie 417 km, Mumbai 1204 km.
UPSRTC Bus Stand, Idgah, Enquiries, Tel : (0562) 2420324
UPSRTC Bus Stand, Opp. Power House, Enquiries, Tel : (0562)2464557
Rajasthan Roadways near Idgah Bus Stand (0562) -2420228
ISBT, near Transport Nagar, N.H.-2 Ph-0562-2603536
Interstate Bus Terminus 95BT, Transport Nagar Ph: (0562)- 2603536.