Ayodhya, situated on the right bank of the river Ghagra or Saryu, is an ancient city and the old capital of Awadh,in Uttar Pradesh, India . Ayodhya is one of the major holy cities of Hinduism and a popular pilgrim centre and as per Skand and some other Puranas Ayodhya is one of the seven most sacred cities of India. Ayodhya during ancient times was known as Kaushaldesa.
This town is associated with Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Ayodhya, according to the Ramayana, was founded by Manu, the law-giver of the Hindu. For centuries, it was the capital of the descendants of the Surya dynasty of which Lord Rama was the most celebrated king.
Remnants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam can still be found in Ayodhya. According to Jain tradition, five Tirthankaras were born at Ayodhya, including Adinath (Rishabhadeva) the 1st Tirthankar.
However, there are less savory aspects to Ayodhya's history. In 1527, the Mughal Emperor Babur had a mosque constructed at the site in Ayodhya traditionally associated with the birth of Rama.
It is a n occassion celebrated in Ayodhya to mark the birth anniversary of Lord Rama. Ramnavami is usually celebrated in the month of Chaitra according to the Indian calender which generally corresponds to the March or April of the English calendar.
Holi,Janmastumi, Diwali, Dussera and Navratri are the festivals also celebrated with other parts of the country.
For Ayodhya the nearest airports are Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport (Lucknow-134 km), Bumrauli Airport (Allahabad - 166 km).RAIL
Ayodhya is situated on the broad gauge Northern Railway line on Mughal Sarai – Lucknow main route. Ayodhya/Faizabad are connected to various parts of the country. Faizabad is 6 km.ROAD
Connected by road to several major cities and towns. Some of the major road distances are: Lucknow (134 km), Gorakhpur (132 km), Jhansi (441 km), Allahabad (166 km), Sravasti (109 km), Varanasi (209 km) and Gonda (51 km).