Fatehpur Sikri is a city in Agra district of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city was founded in 1569 by the Mughal emperor Akbar, and served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585.[
In the year 1569 Akbar had visited the Muslim hermit Chishti in the village of Sikri. The saint prophesied the birth of three sons and soon after was born Prince Salim, later to become Emperor Jahangir. In gratitude for the blessing Akbar decided to create imperial residences in Sikri, which would function as a joint capital with Agra. He directed the building of the Jami Masjid which stretches some 540 feet (165 metres) in length and contains an ornate tomb for Chishti. The mosque’s southern entrance, the colossal gateway Bulan Darwaja (Victory Gate; 1575), is one of India’s greatest architectural works. Fatehpur Sikri contains other early Mughal structures, exhibiting both Muslim and Hindu architectural influences. They include the palace of Akbar’s wife (Jodha Bai), a private audience hall, and houses. The Mughal capital was moved to Delhi in 1586 because of Fatehpur Sikri’s inadequate water supply. Now maintained as a historic site, Fatehpur Sikri was designated as UNESCO heritage site.
Nearest airport is Kheria Airport at Agra – 40 km.RAIL
Agra Cantt Railway Station 40 km.ROAD
Fatehpur Sikri is connected to Agra and neighbouring centres by regular bus services of UPSRTC. Some of the major road distances are:
Bharatpur – 25 km. Jaipur – 225 km.