The Patan city is situated in the northern side of Gujarat and is a very beautiful city. . The most attractive interest for travelers to this city which is one of the best movement to draw the affection and love of beloved queen by the then solanki ruler is the construction of very beautiful step well, This venture of the west is called the Rani ki vav. the Rani Ki Vav is the oldest and the grandest stepwell in the state of Gujarat. It is situated at Patan and is believed to have been built during 1022 to 1063 AD.
The construction was completed by the widowed queen Udayamati. She was the wife of King Bhimdev I, son of Mularaja, the founder of the Solanki dynasty of Anahilwada Pattan who had started the construction of this peculiar monument but the construction work was incomplete during his lifetime It is a richly sculptured monument and a major tourist spot in Patan. The size of the Rani Ki Vav is so huge that the tourists appear to be liliput climbing an anthill. Due to silting, a major portion of the well is not in a good condition and not permitted to visit for tourists.
There were some renovation exercises in 1980 which has been taken up by Archeological survey of India and have restored some of the ancient glory of the place. One of its pillars is so beautifully carved, that it reminds one of the ancient charm of the monument. It appears the well is made up of bricks. There is small gateway just below the last step of the Rani Ki Vav well. The gateway leads into a 30 km tunnel which leads to the nearby town of Siddhpur. This was used by the King to escape in the times of defeat
The tunnel has now been blocked by stones and mud to avoid any accident. There are 7 storeys in the step-well and the steps are intricately carved. There are sculptures of the avatars of the Hindu Gods, Jain Gurus, Goddesses, Apsaras, etc. Most of the sculptures are in devotion to Lord Vishnu. It is said that around 160 years back there were Ayurvedic plants near the well which possessed medicinal properties. Due to this, the water of the well also gained curative powers capable of healing viral disease, fever, etc.
This beautiful mark of scluptured monument is probably the one and only example of glory of Indian history for its peculiar construction pattern and for innovative idea that possesed by our colonial rulers to curve the scarcity of water resources.This Patan city is well connected by roads with Mahesana of Gujarat.